The Board of Directors (“the Board”) is accountable and responsible for the performance and affairs of I-Berhad (“the Company” or “I-Berhad”), including practicing a high level of corporate governance. All Board members are expected to show good stewardship and act in a professional manner, as well as upholding the core values of integrity with due regard to their fiduciary duties and responsibilities.

This Board Charter sets out the role, functions, composition, operation and processes of the Board and is to ensure that all Board members acting on behalf of the Company are aware of their duties and responsibilities as Board members.

This Board Charter would act as a source of reference and primary induction literature to provide insights to prospective Board members and senior management. In addition, it will assist the Board in the assessment of its own performance and of its individual Directors.

3.1 Board Membership
3.1.1 Composition

The Board consists of qualified individuals with diverse set of skills, experience and knowledge necessary to govern the Company. The composition and size of the Board is such that it facilitates the decision making of the Company.

The Constitution of the Company provides for a minimum of two (2) Directors and maximum of 15 Directors. At any one time, at least two or one-third (1/3), whichever is higher, of the Board members are Independent Directors. The Independent Directors provide independent judgment, experience and objectivity without being subordinated to operational considerations. They help to ensure that the interests of all shareholders are indeed taken into account by the Board and that the relevant issues are subjected to objective and impartial consideration by the Board. The tenure of an Independent Director shall not exceed a cumulative term of more than 12 years. The Independent Director who has served more than 12 years must resign or be re-designated as a Non-Independent Director.

The Board shall appoint a Senior Independent Director who will also attend to any query or concern raised by shareholders.

The composition and size of the Board are reviewed from time to time to ensure its effectiveness.

3.1.2 Appointment and Re-election

The appointment of a new Director is a matter for consideration and decision by the full Board, upon the recommendation from the Nominating Committee (“NC”). In making these recommendations, the NC will consider the required mix of skills, experience and diversity, including gender diversity with at least 1 woman director, where appropriate, which the Director brings to the Board.

The Constitution of the Company provides that every newly appointed Director be subjected to re-election at the immediate Annual General Meeting (“AGM”). Further, one third (1/3) of the Board shall retire from office and be eligible for re-election at every AGM, and all the Directors shall submit themselves for re-election at least every three (3) years.

3.1.3 Independent Director

The Board assesses the independence of the Directors annually by taking into consideration their disclosed interests and having regard to the criteria for assessing the independence of Directors under the annual Board Assessment. A separate assessment for Independent Directors is also undertaken annually.

3.14 New Directorship

All Board members shall notify the Chairman of the Board before accepting any new directorship. The notification shall include an indication of time that will be spent on the new appointment.

The Chairman shall also notify the Board if he has any new directorship or significant commitments outside the Company.

3.2 Board Role
3.2.1 Duties and Responsibilities

The Board assumes, amongst others, the following duties and responsibilities:-

(i) reviewing and adopting a sustainable strategic business development plan for the Company and Group;
(ii) overseeing and evaluating the conduct of business of the Company and Group;
(iii) identifying principal risks and ensuring implementation of a proper risk management system to manage such risks;
(iv) establishing a succession plan;
(v) developing and implementing a shareholder communication policy for the Company; and
(vi) reviewing the adequacy and the integrity of the management information and internal control systems of the Company and Group.

3.2.2 Matters Reserved for the Board

The following are matters which are specifically reserved for the Board:-
(i) approval of corporate plans and programmes;
(ii) approval of annual budgets, including major capital commitments;
(iii) approval of new ventures;
(iv) approval of material acquisitions and disposals of undertakings and properties;
(v) changes to the management and control structure within the Company and its subsidiaries (“the Group”), including key policies, delegated authority limits; and
(vi) participation in the adjudication of tenders for property projects in excess of established limits, viz. RM20 million for local projects. The threshold will reviewed if Board deems appropriate.

3.3 Chairman and CEO

The role of the Chairman and the CEO are distinct and separate to ensure there is a balance of power and authority. The Chairman is responsible for the leadership, effectiveness, conduct and governance of the Board, while the CEO has overall responsibility for the day-to-day management of the business and implementation of the Board’s policies and decisions. The CEO is responsible to ensure due execution of strategic goals, effective operation within the Company, and to explain, clarify and inform the Board on matters pertaining to the Company.

The responsibilities of the Chairman, amongst others, are as follows:-
(i) to lead the Board and ensure the effectiveness of all aspects of its role;
(ii) to ensure efficient organization and conduct of the Board’s function and meetings;
(iii) to facilitate effective contribution of all Directors at Board meetings;
(iv) to promote constructive and respectful relations between Directors, and between the Board and Management; and
(v) to ensure effective communication with shareholders and relevant stakeholders.

The responsibilities of the CEO, amongst others, are as follows:-
(i) to develop and implement corporate strategies for the Group;
(ii) to supervise Heads of Divisions and Departments who are responsible for all functions contributing to the success of the Group;
(iii) to ensure the efficiency and effectiveness of the Group’s operations;
(iv) to assess business opportunities which are of potential benefit to the Group; and
(v) to bring material and other relevant matters to the attention of the Board in an accurate and timely manner.

3.4 Role of the Executive and Non-Executive Directors
Executive Directors are, as employees, involved in the day-to-day management of the Company.

3.4.2 Non-Executive Directors are classified as:

  • Those who have no direct and indirect pecuniary interest in the Company other than their Directors’ emoluments and their “permitted” shareholdings in the Company;
  • Those who are not employees of the Company or affiliated with it in any other way and are not involved in the day-to-day running of business but may have pecuniary interest in the Company, whether direct or indirect; or
  • Those who are not employees of the Company but are standing as nominees for substantial shareholders.
The Companies Act 2016 makes no distinction between Executive and Non-Executive Directors in terms of the legal duties that are imposed on Directors.

Non-Executive Directors may act as a bridge between Management and shareholders. They provide the relevant checks and balances, focusing on shareholders’ and other stakeholders’ interests and ensuring that high standards of corporate governance are applied.


3.5 Board Committees

The Board may from time to time establish Committees as is considered appropriate to assist in carrying out its duties and responsibilities. The Board delegates certain functions to the following Committees to assist in the execution of its responsibilities:-
(i) Audit Committee;
(ii) Nominating;
(iii) Remuneration Committee; and
(iv) Risk Management Committee.

The Committees shall operate under clearly defined terms of reference. The Committees are authorized by the Board to deal with and to deliberate on matters delegated to them within their terms of reference. The Chairman of the respective Committees reports to the Board on the outcome of the Committee meetings and such reports or minutes will be included in the Board papers.

3.6 Board Meetings

The Board shall conduct at least four (4) scheduled meetings annually, with additional meetings to be convened as and when necessary.

Besides Board meetings, the Directors also attend tender adjudication meetings and investment briefing, where Directors deliberate on the Group’s participation in investments or major project bids in excess of RM20 million. The threshold will be reviewed if the Board deems appropriate.

Although such briefings are not compulsory, all Directors are encouraged to attend as many as possible and participate in the deliberations activity, especially when due notice has been given.

All Directors will be provided with the performance and progress reports on a timely basis prior to the scheduled Board meetings. A full agenda of the meeting and all Board papers, including complicated issues or specific matters, would be distributed in advance to ensure Directors are well informed and have the opportunity to seek additional, and are able to obtain further clarification from the Company Secretary, should such a need arise. Where necessary, the services of other senior management or external consultants will be arranged to brief the Directors or clear to their doubts or concerns.

3.7 Financial Reporting

In presenting the annual financial statements and quarterly announcements to the shareholders, including other price sensitive public reports and reports submitted to regulators, the Board aims to present a balanced and understandable assessment of the Group’s position and prospects.

The Board ensures that the financial statements is prepared in accordance with the Companies Act and applicable approved accounting reporting standards, so as to give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Group and the Company.

3.8 Directors’ Remuneration

The performance of Directors is measured by the Directors’ contribution and commitment to both the Board and the Company. The Executive Directors’ and Senior Management’s remuneration will depend on the performance of the Group and the achievement of the goals set at the beginning of each financial year, upon finalization of the ensuing year’s budget.

In the case of Non-Executive Directors, the level of remuneration reflects the contribution and level of responsibilities undertaken by the particular Non-Executive Director.

3.9 Directors’ Training & Continuing Education

In addition to the Mandatory Accreditation Programme as required by the Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad (“Bursa Malaysia”), the Directors shall continue to update their knowledge and enhance their skills through appropriate continuing education programmes and life-long learning. This will enable Directors to effectively discharge their duties and sustain active participation in the Board deliberations.

The Board shall assess the training needs of the Directors from time to time.

The Company Secretary plays an important advisory role and is a source of information and advice to the Board and Committees on issues relating to compliance with laws, rules, procedures and regulations affecting the Company and Group.

The Board shall appoint someone who is capable of carrying out the duties to which the post entails. The Company Secretary shall be of a senior position with adequate authority and shall report directly to the Board.

The seven (7) specific responsibilities of the Company Secretary are as follows:-
(i) advise the Board and Management on governance issues;
(ii) ensure compliance of listing and related statutory obligations;
(iii) attend Board, Committees and general meetings, and ensure proper recording of minutes;
(iv) ensure proper upkeep of statutory registers and records;
(v) assist Chairman in the preparation for and conduct of meetings;
(vi) assist Chairman in determining the annual Board plan and the administration of other strategic issues; and
(vii) assist in the induction of new Directors, and continuously update the Board on changes to listing rules, other related legislations and regulations.

The Board shall place great importance in ensuring the high standards of transparency and accountability in its communication to shareholders, as well as to potential investors, analysts and the public. The shareholders shall be informed of all material matters affecting the Company and Group.

The ways of communication to shareholders and investors, amongst other, are as follows:-

(i) timely announcements and disclosures made to Bursa Malaysia, which includes quarterly financial results, changes in the composition of the Group and any other material information that may affect investors’ decision making;
(ii) conduct regular dialogues with financial analysts to explain the results achieved as well as immediate and long term strategies, along with their implications, going forward;
(iii) press conference which is normally held after the Company’s AGM and/or Extraordinary General Meeting to provide the media an opportunity to receive an update from the Board on the proceedings at the meetings and to address any queries or areas of interest of the media;

The AGM is the principal forum for dialogue with shareholders. At each AGM, a presentation is given by the CEO to explain the Group’s strategy, performance and major developments to shareholders. The Board also encourages shareholders to participate in the question and answer session at the AGM.

In order to recognize the importance of investor relations, the Group intends to continuously develop and maintain investor relations programme and consistently inform shareholders and the investing community of the Group’s developments in an effective, clear and timely manner.

The Directors, collectively or individually, may seek independent professional advice and information in furtherance of their duties at the Company’s expense, so as to ensure the Directors are able to make independent and informed decisions.

The Board Charter will be periodically reviewed and updated in accordance with the needs of the Company and any new regulations that may have an impact on the discharge of the Board’s responsibilities.

Adopted by the Board on 13 May 2013.
First review and update on 27 February 2020.
Second review and update on 11 October 2023.

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